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步骤详解fat比较级和最高级(fat的比较级是什么意思)

fat比较级和最高级(fat的比较级是什么)

1 、一般情况下,形容词(或副词)比较级+er , 最高级+est

clever-cleverer-cleverest

few-fewer-fewest

small-smaller-smallest

young-younger-youngest

short-shorter-shortest

slow-slower-slowest

great—greater—greatest

2、以不发音e结尾的单词,比较在原级后加-r,最高级在原级后加-st;

nice-nicer-nicest

brave-braver-bravest

cute-cuter-cutest

close-closer-closest(亲密的)

free- freer-freest(免费的)

3、以“辅音字母+y”结尾的单词, 把y改为i,比较级加-er,最高级加-est;

easy-easier-easiest

busy-busier-busiest

heavy-heavier-heaviest

dirty-dirtier-dirtiest

lazy-lazier-laziest

funny-funnier-funniest

4、在重读闭音节(即:辅音+元音+辅音)中,先双写末尾的辅音字母,比较级加-er,最高级加-est;

fat-fatter-fattest

hot-hotter-hottest

fit-fitter-fittest(合适的)

big-bigger-biggest

sad-sadder-saddest

5、其他双音节词和多音节词,比较级在前面加more,最高级在前面加most;

beautiful -more beautiful - most beautiful

careful-more careful-most careful

intelligent-more intelligent-most intelligent

expensive delicious(美味的) popular(流行的) important(重要的) interesting(有趣的) afraid(害怕)quickly(迅速地的) quietly (安静地)

6、少数不规则形容词、副词的比较级和最高级,必须熟记。

good/ well—better—best

little—less—least bad/ill—worse—worst

old—older/elder—oldest/eldest

many/much—more—most

far—further/farther— furthest(表示距离)/farthest(表示程度)

特别提醒:

◇further不仅可以指“距离更远”,还可指“程度更深”。记住以下三个词组:further study(进修)further education(继续教育) further information (进一步的信息)

◇elder仅用于同辈之间的排行,如: elder sister(姐姐) elder brother (哥哥)

◇less作为“更少”仅用来修饰不可数名词,修饰可数名词表示“更少”要用fewer。

特别提醒:以形容前缀un构成的三音节形容词不适合上述情况,

如:unhappy-unhappier-unhappiest, untidy-untidier-untidiest

◇以形容词+ly构成的副词要在前面加 more,most

如:Slowly-more slowly-most slowly quickly-more quickly-most quickly

原创文章,作者:xiaozhi,如若转载,请注明出处:http://sfa8.cn/29176.html

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